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The Domesday 'Book' or Survey records this lord of the manor with a Norman name took the place of the Saxon lord Hakon holding 20 years before in 1066 and was tenant of an overlord of hundreds of such manors, Robert de Mortain, the Conqueror's half-brother.
The central assets at the time were medium in rank among manors: eight adult male householders were counted as villagers, three were smallholders and one the priest, three ploughlands were tilled by one lord's plough team and two and a half men's plough teams were active.
The manor's other resources were a church, four loosely called 'acres' of meadow, and seven of woodland.
Rotherham had a mill valued at an ordinary half of one pound sterling.
The company was purchased by Tube Investments Ltd in 1956 and closed in 1974.
Steel, Peech and Tozer's massive Templeborough steelworks (now the Magna Science Adventure Centre) was, at its peak, over a mile (1.6 km) long, employing 10,000 workers, and housing six electric arc furnaces producing 1.8 million tonnes of steel a year. The first railway stations, Holmes and Rotherham Westgate both on the Sheffield and Rotherham Railway opened on 31 October 1838.
The monks collected tithes from the town and gained rights to an extra market day on Monday and to extend the annual fair from two to three days.
The College and new parish church of All Saints made Rotherham an enviable and modern town at the turn of the 16th century.By the late Saxon period, Rotherham was at the centre of a large parish on the Don's banks.Following the Norman Conquest an absentee lord held the most inhabited manor, Nigel Fossard (however today's city proper takes in eight outyling Domesday estates).Rotherham is today the largest town in a contiguous area with Sheffield, informally known as the Sheffield Urban Area and is as such an economic centre for many of Sheffield's suburbs — Sheffield City Centre is 5.6 miles (9.0 km) from Rotherham town centre.Rotherham was well known as a coal mining town as well as a major contributor to Sheffield's steel industry.
The region had been exploited for iron since Roman times, but it was coal that first brought the Industrial Revolution to Rotherham.